Since the end of 2016, the World Bank has been working tirelessly since the end of 2016 to find an amicable solution to recent disagreements and to protect the treaty. Dozens of high-level meetings were convened and various proposals were discussed. The World Bank remains committed to acting in good faith and with full impartiality and transparency to meet its obligations under the Treaty, while continuing to assist countries. In 1960, India and Pakistan signed a water distribution agreement – known as the Indus Waters Treaty – orchestrated by the World Bank. However, the negotiations quickly came to a standstill and neither side was willing to compromise. In 1951, David Lilienthal, former head of the Tennessee Valley Authority and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, visited the area to research articles he was to write for Collier magazine. He proposed that India and Pakistan move towards an agreement to jointly develop and manage the industrial flow system, possibly with advice and funding from the World Bank. Eugene Black, then president of the World Bank, agreed.
On his proposal, engineers from each country formed a working group whose consultants advise World Bank engineers. However, political considerations prevented these technical discussions from reaching an agreement. In 1954, the World Bank presented a proposal for a solution to the impasse. After six years of talks, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistani President Mohammad Ayub Khan signed the Indus Waters Treaty in September 1960. In September 1950, the Indian government agreed to resolve the problem through the Warrant, but requested that there be a tribunal in which there would be two members of each side and there would be a neutral president. These proposals were accepted by Pakistan. World Bank President for Construction and Development Eugene Black took responsibility and made a committee on both sides to overcome this problem. Several years passed to find a solution to this serious problem between the two rivals and each day passed like a year. Thus, on 19 September 1960, an agreement was signed between two countries in Karachi, known as the Indus Water Treaty. Sir, we can read directly what you provide directly, or it is only for assistance in responding This agreement lasted nine years of negotiations and shares control of six rivers between the two nations once signed. In 1948, the water rights of the river system were at the centre of an Indo-Pakistani water conflict.