Paris Agreement Indian Express

The Framework Convention was the first international agreement to identify and recognize the problem of climate change. It had set out the principles and guidelines to achieve the goal of stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would least harm the climate system. On the eve of the five-year summit on climate ambition of the Paris Agreement, Javadekar said that developed nations were historically the most CO2-emitting and therefore responsible for global warming. In December 2015, 195 countries signed an agreement to slow the global warming process by striving to "keep the global average temperature rise well below 2 degrees above pre-industrial levels and to continue efforts to limit temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels." Trump has repeatedly criticized the deal as an economic disadvantage and said it could cost the country 2.5 million jobs by 2025. He also said that there were other large issuers, such as China and India, a pass. One of the key features of the Paris Agreement was the way in which the agreement reflected the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" (CBDR), which was invoked four times in the CBDR principle. Emerging countries have stressed that developed countries take greater responsibility for combating climate change, as they are largely responsible for emissions of almost all greenhouse gases from about 1850 to 1980. President Trump initially announced his intention to withdraw from the agreement in 2017 and formally briefed the United Nations last year. The United States ended the pact after a mandatory one-year waiting period, which expired On Wednesday.

In fact, this means that countries would seek to limit the increase in global temperature. While poor countries and island states had called for a lower target in the face of the threat of drought and sea level rise, climate experts said that maintaining a 2-degree increase would be a challenge in itself. The agreement came into force on November 4, 2016. The annual climate conference was held in Marrakech, Morocco, when the results of the 2016 U.S. presidential election arrived. Donald Trump`s surprising victory was a shock to the majority of conference attendees. Some of the veteran climate activists, both men and women, who have worked for years to put in place a global agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, have not been able to hold their tears. During his 2016 presidential campaign, Donald Trump called the Paris agreement "unfair" to U.S. interests and promised to withdraw from the agreement if elected. Trump had also tried to present the election as a referendum on the policies of former President Obama, who had played a decisive role in the interaction of this complex and far-reaching agreement. Another crucial point of this agreement was the decision to limit the amount of greenhouse gas emissions from human activity to a level that can naturally be absorbed by trees, soils and oceans.