Despite Significant Agreement On The Need For A

The representative of Niger, who also spoke in favour of South Africa, Tunisia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, said that the situation was improving further and that it was following the reduction of violence and human rights violations. He also welcomed recent efforts to complete the process of creating the Truth, Justice, Reparation and Reconciliation Commission, and said this would help create justice. He also recalled that the African Union and the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), guarantors of the Political Agreement, issued a joint communiqué on 6 February calling for an end to all attacks on United Nations civilians, staff and humanitarian workers and the creation of a legal framework to prosecute all violators of the Political Agreement and perpetrators of human rights violations. He called on armed groups to exercise restraint and resolve their differences through the dispute resolution mechanisms provided for by the Political Agreement and called on non-signatory armed groups to participate in all political processes. RAVAN FARHADI (Afghanistan) recalled that two years ago, Afghan political groups had succeeded in establishing a political roadmap in Bonn. Despite enormous challenges, the commitment of political actors has enabled the Afghan government to achieve the objectives set out in the agreement. The transitional government – the most representative government in the country`s recent history – would continue to govern until national elections were held in 2004. However, he warned that the agreement was only a step forward in a long process that was sometimes "trapped" and stressed: "A peace agreement is not yet peace." Despite considerable progress in the implementation of the Political Agreement, some challenges remain, he said, citing persistent violations of the agreement by some armed groups, the occupation of administrative buildings, the collection of illegal taxes and the extension of their spheres of influence. Even in the northeastern cities of Birao, Bria and Alindao, it remains stable, he added. The text on emergency humanitarian aid for Ethiopia (Document A/58/L.22) would call on the Assembly to call on the international community to respond in a timely manner to the joint appeal by the United Nations and the Ethiopian government for emergency aid for food and non-food commitments.